The impact of climate change: from building houses to apple farming

March 15 Manang. The heavy rains in June and July last year have caused a lot of damage. It usually rains in the Himalayan region where there is no rain and the rainfall is very less.

The mountainous region of Manang has started building permanent homes after the snowfall began to coincide with climate change. Traditional and old mud houses in the Himalayan region are getting destroyed due to rain. Since it is safer than the mud house in the Himalayan region, the local people are inclined to build a permanent house.

Manang has centuries-old traditional houses made of clay. Historic houses are slowly being demolished as soon as they are connected to the road network. After the onset of rain without snow, mud houses are on the verge of disappearing due to road access, modernity and climate change.

Apart from the Upper Manang and Narpaland areas, mud houses are rarely found in other areas. He would pile up at home when it snowed, but he was not safe. According to the local people, after the rain and snowfall, the old houses have started to crumble due to the dripping and falling of mud houses.

Traditionally built soil structures are under threat every year since the effects of climate change began to rain in snow-capped regions of Upper Manang, Narpabhumi Chamel and other places until a decade ago.

Locals are concerned that settlements that have a distinct originality and identity as mud cities will be forced to use cement and zinc after the rains melt and crumble.

Most of the houses in Manang are covered with mud due to low rainfall. After throwing the frozen snow on the roof, there was no need to face any more trouble. Homes made of mud are considered more eco-friendly because they are often colder.

No matter how much snow falls outside the mud-covered house, the inside remains warm. The settlements are at high risk due to higher rainfall than last year.

Chief District Officer Ravindra Acharya said that due to the increase in rainfall in the Himalayan district, the challenge of protecting the soil structure has increased. According to him, with increasing rainfall in the Himalayan region, it is being seen as a serious challenge to preserve the ancient heritage including mud houses and settlements and two hundred and four hundred year old monasteries and temples. According to the local people, the earthen structures are in trouble.

Damage from floods and landslides

The villages have been inundated due to the recent floods and landslides. Nason Gaonpalika-1 The physical structure of Tal village has been destroyed and turned into a swamp. Floods have forced 59 families to be displaced.

Not only Tal village but also community and private houses in Dharapani, Chame, Tache, Pisang and other places were submerged. Prahlad Dahal, head of Manang’s infrastructure development office, said the floods have washed away 16 suspension bridges and eight to ten wooden bridges, including Bailey Bridge of Chame Gaonpalika-1, Timang Khola.

According to him, due to the damage of the bridge, the local people are facing difficulty in moving from one place to another. Bridges have not yet been built in some places.

Dahal said that the local people in Manang had never seen such a huge flood before. “Even though there were some floods in Manang in 2052 BC, there are no senior citizens who have experienced such floods. The occurrence of such natural calamities here is the effect of climate change,” he said.

Yangdung Gurung, a 76-year-old senior citizen and farmer of Manang Ngisang Village Palika-1, said most of the houses with mud roofs were damaged due to the rains.

“It came to our notice then. ‘I have never experienced such rain,’ says 85-year-old Gurung. With settlements in distress, the risk is likely to increase in the coming days.

impact on farming system

Due to the rains, floods and landslides have increased in the Himalayan region and the agricultural system has also been directly affected. Cauliflower, which grows only in summer areas, is now available in Mustang’s apple, thinny and other settlements.

The temperature is rising in the Himalayan region due to rain and unseasonal snowfall. Due to the impact of climate change, the location of apple cultivation in the Himalayan region is changing. According to the local people, the apples have left their old place and started moving towards the upper part.

Entrepreneurs have experienced that apple cultivation in Dharapani, Tal village and elsewhere has been declining since the onset of rains in the lower reaches of Manang with the impact of climate change. According to the local people, apple production started declining in the lower part of the district about 20-25 years ago.

The Mustang, which was a good apple producer about 10-12 years ago, has stopped bearing fruit last year due to rising temperatures. In the last two-three years, increasing rainfall in the upper settlements has affected the agricultural system.

Mosquitoes towards the mountains

In recent years, the temperature in the Himalayan region has increased. According to the data, last year the temperature in the hilly region is increasing by 0.06 per cent and in the Himalayan region by 0.04 per cent.

Experts say that the global temperature is increasing due to both natural and human causes. If left unmanaged, they can go astray and lose the correct route.

It has been nearly three decades since the mosquitoes, found in the Terai and Madhes plains, climbed the hill with rising temperatures last year. Mosquitoes have been seen in the Himalayan region for decades. In this area where mosquitoes have never been seen before, mosquito nets are being used to avoid them.

as the mountains melt

As the temperature rises, the mountains that shine like silver turn into black stone every year. With at least 70 percent of the water source being glaciers, the melting of snow and the formation of black rock in the mountain has become a matter of concern for everyone.

Due to the rain in the mountainous region, the possibility of new glaciers is increasing due to the melting of the mountain. According to the local people, floods have started coming here due to bad weather. According to locals, the floods in the Marshyangdi river in Manang have damaged community and private infrastructure in Pisang, Chame, Dharapani and Tal villages. In recent times, small and big rivers have been filled with mud from time to time.

Recent studies have shown that glaciers are erupting, drying up and moving beyond glacier boundaries due to the effects of climate change. It has come to the fore that the rivers moving beyond the limits of the lake have moved towards the mountains. There are 2323 glacial lakes in Nepal alone.

The melting of ice from glacial and mountainous regions is being seen as a serious challenge. Glaciers are now a source of drinking water for people around the world. Due to climate change, there is a shortage of drinking water in the Himalayan region. After very little snowfall in various parts of Upper Manang, the shortage of drinking water is increasing.

uneven snow

Due to the effects of climate change, there has been no natural snowfall in recent years. The negative impact on the environment due to the emission of greenhouse gases has been found to be the cause of uneven snowfall in the Himalayan region.

Manang receives heavy snowfall in some years and only partial snowfall in some years. Snowfall is accompanied by heavy rainfall in Lower Manang in some years. Hundreds of yaks, buffaloes and sheep have died because of snow in the past. Since then Upper Manang has not received such heavy snowfall.

Yangdung Gurung, a farmer of Nagisyang Village Municipality-1, says that there has been no snow as before. He says, ‘It used to snow a lot in the past. Chauri Kharkas used to be covered with snow. Now it snows in the off season. Earlier, it used to snow only in Cuttack and Mangsir but now it falls in bad weather. Due to this the foot area of ​​cattle has ended.

He understands that the youths have turned away from animal husbandry by running away from the Charan area. He said that after the snowfall there will be no rain but it will make the soil fertile, but the unseasonal snowfall has reduced many forests and plains and production.

Roads without environmental impact assessment

Road construction work has been started from Thini to Tilicho Lake in Gharpazhong village of Mustang district. Nepal’s highest peak Tilicho Lake at an altitude of 4,919 meters is seen in danger.

Although the road construction plan is commendable, but construction done without Environmental Impact Assessment (IEE) is being considered as harmful to nature. The Infrastructure Development Office of Myagdi has informed that the work of opening the track from Thini village to Tilicho Lake of Gharpazhong Municipality has been started.

Earlier a two kilometer long road from Thini to Tangdung had been constructed. Rs 5 lakh has been allocated for road construction. It is seen that the road to the lake will affect the beauty and environment of the Himalayan district.

External and internal tourists come to enjoy the geographically remote and natural beauty of Manang. It is the responsibility of the Nepalese people and nation to protect the natural beauty of the Himalayan region.

While working to make it geographically comfortable, the natural beauty of the place should not be affected. It seems that the issues that have a natural impact on road construction should be developed only after studying and researching them.

Mountains, natural and traditional houses, culture, study and research, especially foreign tourists come here. Her interest should also be taken into account as she used to walk on foot in the past. When it snows in bad weather, tourists face problems. Heavy rains, floods and other natural calamities have also affected them.

protection of sidewalks

Manang has not been connected by road for a long time. Earlier it used to take several days to reach on foot. Annapurna Conservation Area (ACAP) chief Lekhnath Gautam says the road should be easy for locals to reach remote areas, but the nation should be aware of it as making it physically comfortable can affect nature. Is.

“The development aimed at making it easier for tourists to walk to Manang should not be destroyed and the source of income should not be destroyed. Due to age-old traditions and development, it is not advisable to reduce the footfall of tourists. The physical infrastructure should be developed without affecting the nature-loving tourists,’ he says.

Binod Gurung, a tourism entrepreneur from Manang, suggests cleaning the roads and paying due attention to the environment where tourists visit on foot. He expressed concern over the declining tourist arrivals due to erosion of natural routes and footpaths.

Source: OnlineKhabar

Himal Sanchar